G. W. Dyer was an instructor in economics and sociology at Vanderbilt University in Nashville at the time of the publication of his book Democracy in the South Before the Civil War (Publishing House of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, Nashville, Tennessee, 1905, pp. 60-65). The book was apparently intended to make a number of points, including that the South was neither impoverished nor non-industrial before the Civil War, and that its difficulties after the war were due to the destruction caused by the war itself, not simply problems caused by the earlier institution of slavery. (Dyer decried the fact that a peaceful emancipation did not occur.)
In the process of making his arguments, Dyer gathered information from Pittsylvania County, and referenced his sources as “Land and Property Books, etc. in Pittsylvania County, Va., Clerk's Office.”
The following data is Dyer's compilation of figures from 1860, prior to the beginning of the war. It is interesting to compare his numbers with current census data.
|White Population||Slave Population||No. White Males over 21 Years Old||No. Slave Owners||Per Cent of White Males over 21 Years Old Owning Slaves|
The above amounts do not represent all of the manufacturing done in the counties named. In this investigation no account is taken of manufacturing done in towns.
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Copyright © 2006 Patricia B. Mitchell.